Baluchistan Zhob district

Zhob District is located in the north-west corner of Balochistan province in Pakistan. It is one of the historic districts of Balochistan, having been part of the former Talokar tribal region. The area of the district is 6,834 sq km, with a population of 389,369 as of the 2017 Census. The main languages spoken in the district are Pashto and Balochi.

The district shares borders with Barkhan District to the west and Qila Saifullah District to the east. The western border is formed by the Marwat Hills, while the eastern border is formed by the Muslimrai Hills. The Zhob River flows through the district, irrigating some of the arable land.

The economy of the district is mainly based on agriculture, with wheat, legumes, fodder, and cotton being the main crops grown. The district also has large supplies of minerals, including gold, copper, coal, and oil reserves. Despite being rich in natural resources, much of the population still lives in poverty.

Zhob is known for its rich cultural heritage, with various tribes and ethnicities living side by side in harmony. The district is home to several historical sites, such as the Shabbo Miran Fort. There are also a number of recreational sites in the district, including Bibi Nani Park, which is a popular destination for picnics.

Zhob district is an area of great potential for business and tourism. With a number of development initiatives being undertaken by the government, the district is slowly becoming a major economic hub in Balochistan.

The main points of interest in Zhob District are:
1. Zhob Fort: This ancient fort was built in the nineteenth century by the British and is located in the center of the city. It was used as a strategic military post to secure the borders.
2. Margallah Pass: Located at an altitude of 3,600m above sea level, this pass is one of the most important passes of the Balochistani hills and is among the highest roads in Pakistan.
3. Karez System: This ancient and unique water-supply system is believed to have been created by the Mughals. It was and still is an important source of water for local communities.
4. Gurdwara Nankana Sahib: This is an important Sikh pilgrimage site and located near Chagi town in Zhob District.
5. Urak Valley: This beautiful valley is located in the east-central part of Zhob District and is renowned for its rugged terrain and breathtaking scenery.
6. Killa Saifullah: This is a small town located in Zhob District and is famous for its Karez water system.
7. Koh-e-Sufaid: This mountain range, located in Zhob District, stands at an altitude of 9,000m and offers some of the most spectacular views of the area.

1. Location: Zhob district is located in the Balochistan province of southwest Pakistan. It is bounded to the north by the Killa Saifullah district, to the northeast by the Musakhel district, to the east by the Loralai district, to the south by the Qilla Abdullah district, and to the west by the Afghan border.

2. History: The history of Zhob district dates back to the early days of British rule in India when the political agent Sir Robert Groves Sandeman established Zhob as a cantonment city in 1883. Since then, Zhob has served as the administrative centre of the district. The area was used as a major staging ground for troops sent to conquer areas of Afghanistan. Over the years, the culture of the district has been heavily influenced by the surrounding Pashtun tribes and culture.

3. Geography: Zhob district is situated in the eastern part of Balochistan province and is characterized by largely mountainous terrain with scattered flat agricultural lands. The district is located in the Sulaiman Range mountain system and has several water courses including Zhob River and Ghazaband River, which flow through the district. The climate of the district is predominantly dry and semi-arid, with hot summers and cold winters.

4. Economy: The local economy is largely agrarian with crops such as wheat, onions, corn, barley and sugar cane being grown. Livestock is also an important sector with goats, sheep, camels and cattle being reared. Industries in the district are small-scale manufacturing, food processing and handicrafts. The local population is largely dependent on subsistence farming and small-scale industry.

5. Demographics: The population of Zhob district is estimated to be 793,000 according to the 1998 census. The majority of the population is Pashtun with a small number of Baloch living in the district. The primary language spoken in the district is Pashto while Balochi is also spoken in certain areas.

6. Tourism: Although the district is not well known as a tourist destination, it is home to a number of tourism attractions including Bolan Pass and Sulaiman Range, the ancient Takht-e-Sulaiman fort, the Butikoot Cave, the desert of Nushki, and the Shrine of Hazrat Imam-ud-Din Hussain. Other attractions include the Peshawar-Zhob Railway and the Hindu ruins in Loralai.

Zhob District is a district in the Balochistan province of Pakistan. It is located in the southwestern part of the province and borders the Killa Saifullah and Loralai districts to the north, the Sibi and Kachhi districts to the east, and the Balochistan districts of Sherani and Musakhel to the west. There are several small towns and villages in the district, including Inayat Kalay, Bela, Killi Arbab, Koli, Halemzai, Dhaul Kalay, Darwan, Suza, Tati, Thoth, and Bugai. The district is home to several archaeological sites, including Takht-i-Bahi, the UNESCO World heritage site of Chilghoza Fort, and the archaeological site of Chaharchi. The economy of the district is largely agricultural and is dependent on the cultivation of wheat, rice, gram, maize, pulses and oilseeds. The district has a variety of mineral resources that are being mined, including limestone, copper, marble and dolomite.

To get to Zhob district in Balochistan, you can take an airplane to one of the airports nearest to the district – either Quetta International Airport or Turbat International Airport. From there, you can take a bus, taxi, or other transportation to get to the district.

1. Khudabad Bridge: Located in the eastern part of Zhob District, Khudabad Bridge is a historic site that is believed to have been built in the 17th century by Taimur Lang. This centuries-old bridge is a popular destination for photographers and sightseers.

2. Chunai Fort: Built in the early 18th century, the Chunai Fort is another famous historical site in Zhob District. The fort is situated between the River Zhob and the Chuti Plain, and it’s the main source of defense for the city.

3. Qila Kanraj: Qila Kanraj is a ruined fort located in the northern part of Zhob District. It is believed to have been built by Afghan rulers around the early 17th century. Visitors can still see the remains of old walls and a fort of this historical site.

4. Fort of Sandeman: Located on the top of a steep hill, Fort of Sandeman is a unique historic site that was used by the British to protect the Zhob region. The fort is surrounded by rugged mountains and has some interesting sculptures that visitors can explore.

5. Arawan Mosque: Arawan Mosque is a significant Muslim pilgrimage site located in the Mian Khel village of Zhob District. The mosque has an ancient wall dating back to the 14th century that stands as a symbol of Islamic faith in the region.

Zhob district in the Pakistani province of Baluchistan is home to a number of fascinating museums. These institutions showcase a range of exceptional artefacts and cultural relics, giving visitors an insight into the history and culture of the area.

1. Zhob Museum: This museum, located in Zhob city, is the main museum in the district. It contains a collection of unique artifacts, ranging from ancient pottery, coins and stone tools to contemporary artworks. It also features a range of traditional costumes, jewelry, and other objects associated with Baluch culture.

2. Bostan Museum: Located in the town of Bostan, this museum is home to a wide variety of archaeological pieces, including ancient pottery, coins, and stone tools. It also features a selection of traditional costumes, jewelry and other objects connected with Baluch culture.

3. Qila Saifullah Museum: This museum in Qila Saifullah showcases a selection of ancient pottery and stone tools, as well as a range of traditional costumes and jewelry. Visitors can also explore the architecture of Qila Saifullah, including its large fort.

4. Pishin Museum: This museum in the town of Pishin is home to a variety of artifacts, including ancient pottery, coins, and stone tools. It also showcases traditional costumes, jewelry, and clothing from the region.

1. Kan Mehtarzai Hill Station: Kan Mehtarzai Hill Station lies about 70 Km from Zhob. A perfect weekend getaway, this place is located on the top of the Takatu Mountain, from where you can enjoy spectacular views of the nearby mountains and valleys. An ideal place for picnicking and spending time in nature’s lap, Kan Mehtarzai is a must visit destination when in Zhob.

2. Musa Zai Hot Springs: Musa Zai Hot Springs is tucked away in a small village by the same name, located 25 Km away from Zhob. The hot-water spring here is believed to have curative powers and helps in treating pains, skin diseases, rheumatic fever and disorders related to bones. Local people from all nearby villages come here for treatment of their ailments. Even visitors can enjoy a dip in the springs here for a relaxing time and for a unique experience.

3. Bathar Valley: Bathar Valley is located approximately 37 Km away from Zhob and is a perfect nature escape. Boasting of spectacular views, this valley is home to mountains, lush green hills, a hilltop fort and gushing streams. The religious significance of this place and its proximity to the Indus River attract a lot of pilgrims and tourists who come to take advantage of a spiritual healing experience.

4. Khud Gomal Pass: Located 22 Km away from Zhob, Khud Gomal Pass is an important pass over the Gomal River. This pass is an essential trade route between Zhob and Dera Ismail Khan and has some lovely views of the nearby landscape. Some historic forts and shrines in this area make the views even more picturesque.

5. Bagh-E-Rehmatullah: Bagh-E-Rehmatullah is located in the Nari Mountains overlooking the Dhadar Valley, about 18 Km away from Zhob. This park provides a stunning view of the nearby mountain ranges. It also has a number of picnic spots, providing an ideal spot to spend your time outdoors. The lush green lawn of the park makes it an ideal place for a relaxing picnic with family.

Archaeological research in Zhob District, Baluchistan has revealed evidence of human habitation dating back to the Neolithic period. The most prominent archaeological site in Zhob is the prehistoric mound at Mehrgarh, the earliest farming settlement in the area. Excavations at Mehrgarh have revealed artifacts and structures of Neolithic, Chalcolithic, and Bronze Age settlements. Other archaeological sites in Zhob District include Gajjar Tepe, Bardum Tepe, Clay Tepe, Kot Kaure, and Gom Para. These sites have yielded a variety of artifacts and some evidence of early Bronze Age and Iron Age settlements. Gajjar Tepe was a large fortified settlement from the Late Harappan period and has produced some of the earliest examples of pottery in the region. Other archaeological sites in the district include several caves, rock art sites, and ruins of Bronze Age settlements.

1. Annual Zhob Mela: The annual Zhob mela is a local mela and festival which takes place in the winter months in the Zhob district of Baluchistan. The mela features traditional songs, dances, exhibitions and stalls of local handicrafts. It is a great opportunity to experience the culture and heritage of Baluchistan.

2. Zhob Music Festival: The Zhob Music Festival is one of the most popular events in the region. It brings together some of the most popular local bands and singers from Baluchistan to perform live. The music festival takes place in the Kot Chutta area and features performances from folk and modern artists.

3. Sufiyana Dance: The Sufiyana Dance is a traditional Baluch form of dance. It is usually performed by women dressed in white traditional attire which is adorned with colorful beads. The dance dates back to the time of Sufism and is very popular in the Zhob region.

4. Baluch Cultural Festival: The Baluch Cultural Festival is an annual event in the Zhob district of Baluchistan. It celebrates the rich culture and heritage of the Baluch people and includes traditional singing and dancing performances. The festival also includes a variety of stalls, exhibitions and merchandise of traditional Baluch crafts.

The traditional folk culture of Zhob District in Baluchistan is rooted in the local tribal culture and customs. These customs are based on a communal system of ownership and social organization. The predominant language spoken by the people of this region is Saraiki, although Balochi is also widely spoken. The traditions of the local people are centered on their nomadic lifestyle, with hunting and gathering forming the core of the community economy.

Folk art forms such as music, dance, and pottery are popular among the community, often accompanied by traditional dress. Fairs, festivals, and special events are organized in the area, such as the Zhob Mela, a regional agricultural fair held each year in the district.

Traditionally, the communities of Zhob district embrace the concept of hospitality, offering visitors throughout the area a warm welcome. As a result, many of the region’s communities are more open and interconnected than in other parts of Baluchistan.

The environment also plays an important role in the folk culture of the area. Water sources, such as the Zhob River and its tributaries, are highly valued by the local people. Similarly, migrating herds of wild animals, including chinkara (gazelle), and species of birds, are celebrated and carefully managed within this region.

The culture of the Zhob district of Balochistan Province, Pakistan is rooted in centuries-old traditions entrenched in the tribal way of life. There is a deep-seated sense of hospitality, respect, and collectivism in the district.

A fundamental part of the culture of the Zhob district is the practice of tribalism. The local people identify as members of a specific tribal group and draw on their shared cultural heritage to inform their beliefs and customs. The Zhob district’s population is predominantly tribal, with the Musakhel, Meerwal, Marri and Mengal tribes making up the biggest proportion.

Religion is an important factor in the culture of Zhob, with the majority of the population practicing Islam. This is reflected in the traditional value system of the area which revolves around social responsibility, hospitality and justice. The presence of various Sufi shrines and mosques adds to the religious character of the region.

Weddings are a joyous occasion in the culture of Zhob and are often very lavish. The celebrations involve music, dance and feasting and are attended by family and friends. It is customary for the bride and groom to give customary presents to each other.

Dress is an important part of the culture of Zhob. Traditional attire is very common in the district, with men often wearing the traditional Balochi lungi, salwar kameez and the Pasentry suthan. Women usually wear traditional shalwar kameez and dupattas.

Music is an essential part of the cultural landscape of Zhob. Traditionally, folk music was commonly performed at weddings and other celebrations. Instruments such as the dholak, sitar and tabla are used to create traditional tunes.

A sense of community is strong in the culture of Zhob. People are known to congregate to discuss their lives, their crops and their common issues. There is also a strong sense of solidarity amongst the people, with a great emphasis on social responsibility.

In conclusion, the culture of the Zhob district of Balochistan has been influenced by centuries-old customs and traditions. The tribal way of life, religious beliefs and traditional values of the district create a unique cultural identity that is deeply entrenched in the region’s history.

The best places to stay in Zhob District are:

1. Pearl Continental Hotel Zhob
2. Zhob Hotel
3. Balochistan Safari Club Hotel
4. Satadar Hotel
5. GB Inn Hotel
6. GT Continental Hotel
7. Royal Palace Hotel
8. Tour Plus Hotel
9. Golden Pass Hotel
10. Hotel Baloch

The Zhob District of Baluchistan, located in the northeast corner of the country, has a rich and diverse culture and heritage, with longstanding traditional artforms, including basket weaving and pottery. Basket weaving is an age-old craft in the region and is still practiced today. It is used to make baskets in various shapes, sizes and colors, and is an art form that uses interconnecting patterns and textures to create unique designs.

Pottery is also popular in the region and has been in practice for centuries. It is used to create vessels for food and water, as well as decorative figures. Many potters specialize in creating bowls, dishes and other containers, as well as ornately shaped figurines and sculptures. The potters also make use of traditional geometric and floral motifs in their work.

Additionally, the Zhob region is home to some of the oldest known textiles in Central Asia. It is known for its pattu weave, which is a centuries-old craft that has been practiced in the region for many generations. Many of the patterns and motifs used in this technique are inspired by traditional Baluchi designs and patterns. This includes colorful geometrical designs, elaborate florals and representations of flowers, birds and animals.

In recent years, the region has also seen an influx of modern art forms, as well as traditionalist artists who are reviving the older folk styles and practices. Many of the contemporary artists in the region are known for their vibrant abstract works that feature a mix of Ottoman, Persian and Central Asian traditions. These modern art forms include painting, calligraphy, metalwork, and sculpture.

In addition to these traditional art forms and styles, the Zhob District of Baluchistan also has a vibrant music scene. Traditional music is often accompanied by instruments such as the santoor, sarode and dhol. It is also home to classical Ghazals and qawwali, which are beloved by many in the region.

The Zhob District of Baluchistan is rich in its art and culture, and its unique artform is celebrated and cherished by many in the region. It is a place where ancient and modern art forms coexist and flourish, creating a vibrant and dynamic cultural ecosystem.

Zhob District is located in the Balochistan province of Pakistan. It is bordered by Killa Saifullah District, Loralai District, Kech District and the Kila Abdullah District. The major cities located in the district are Quetta, Sibi, Loralai, Zhob and Kech.

The primary modes of transportation in Zhob district are road and rail. There is a good network of roads and railways that connect the district to nearby areas. The main highways that pass through the district are the Lehri-Quetta, Shahare-Khost, Zhob-Khost and Chaman-Kandahar Highway. The main railway track that passes through the district is the Pakistan Railways’ Main Line.

Zhob District covers an area of about 8,924 km² and is mainly composed of the Zhob Valley. It is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna, and is a popular destination for tourists and nature lovers. The district also has a few historical sites and monuments, such as the Entire Minaret, the ruins of the fort of Sang-i-Lai, the ruins of an old fort near the town of Kalarai and the ancient sites at Lalazar.

In terms of accommodation and travel, Zhob District offers a number of options. There are many hotels, guest houses, and inns in the area that provide comfortable lodging to visitors. Travelers can also find car rental agencies in the district, as well as bus and taxi services that provide transportation between cities.

Each year, Zhob district in Baluchistan Province, Pakistan, attracts visitors from all over the world due to its rich culture and diverse scenery. There are many tourist activities available in this area to explore.

Visitors can explore the area’s natural beauty on foot, with short treks through the lush mountain valleys and rugged gorges. Local guides can take visitors on a variety of guided tours, visits to historical sites, or tours of villages and nomadic life. There are many options for accommodation from traditional guesthouses to modern luxury hotels.

In the summer months, visitors can go to the nearby Neezar Valley where they can take a dip in hot springs and enjoy the beautiful mountain scenery. For those who love adventure, there is rock climbing, mountain biking and off-roading.

The area is also home to a variety of wildlife and birds. Birdwatchers can head to Chirar Kot National Park and spot some of the 35 species of birds that can be found there.

For an insight into Baluch culture, tourists can visit the local museum where traditional artifacts from the past can be seen. They can also learn about local performances such as traditional folk music, dance, and theatre.

If you’re looking for some retail therapy, then Zhob has plenty of bustling markets where you can find a range of traditional Baluch handicrafts.

As well as sightseeing and shopping, visitors can also relax in the hot springs and saunas dotted around the Zhob district.

Finally, there is plenty of mouth-watering cuisine to sample. From traditional Baluch dishes to modern international recipes, you can find something to suit all tastes.

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